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Physical Review B 87, 045125 (2013)


Mott transitions in three-component Falicov-Kimball model

Duong-Bo Nguyen and Minh-Tien Tran

Metal-insulator transitions are studied within a three-component Falicov-Kimball model, which mimics a mixture of one-component and two-component fermionic particles with local repulsive interactions in optical lattices. Within the model, the two-component fermionic particles are able to hop in the lattice, while the one-component fermionic particles are localized. The model is studied by using the dynamical mean-field theory with exact diagonalization. Its homogeneous solutions establish Mott transitions for both commensurate and incommensurate fillings between one-third and two-thirds. At commensurate one-third and two-thirds fillings, the Mott transition occurs for any density of hopping particles, while at incommensurate fillings, the Mott transition can occur only for density one-half of hopping particles. At half-filling, depending on the repulsive interactions, the reentrant effect of the Mott insulator is observed. As increasing local interaction of hopping particles, the first insulator-metal transition is continuous, whereas the second metal-insulator transition is discontinuous. The second metal-insulator transition crosses a finite region where both metallic and insulating phase coexist. At third-filling, the Mott transition is established only for strong repulsive interactions. A phase separation occurs together with the phase transition.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.045125